“Your mental health is a priority. Your happiness is an essential. Your self-care is a necessity.”
Mental Health, what a controversial subject now a days. People assumes that mental health is only when you are depressed, multiple personalities and its so much more than that.
Here’s a detail information of Types of Mental Health found on WebMD and mind.org and other site that I have found interesting information about this controversial subject.
The most common:
- Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or panic, such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person’s response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.
- Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
- Psychotic disorders: Psychotic disorders involve distorted awareness and thinking. Two of the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations — the experience of images or sounds that are not real, such as hearing voices — and delusions, which are false fixed beliefs that the ill person accepts as true, despite evidence to the contrary. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder.
- Eating disorders: Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors involving weight and food. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder are the most common eating disorders.
- Impulse control and addiction disorders: People with impulse control disorders are unable to resist urges, or impulses, to perform acts that could be harmful to themselves or others. Pyromania (starting fires), kleptomania (stealing), and compulsive gambling are examples of impulse control disorders. Alcohol and drug are common objects of addictions. Often, people with these disorders become so involved with the objects of their addiction that they begin to ignore responsibilities and relationships.
- Personality disorders: People with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/or cause problems in work, school, or social relationships. In addition, the person’s patterns of thinking and behavior significantly differ from the expectations of society and are so rigid that they interfere with the person’s normal functioning. Examples include antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) : People with OCD are plagued by constant thoughts or fears that cause them to perform certain rituals or routines. The disturbing thoughts are called obsessions, and the rituals are called compulsions. An example is a person with an unreasonable fear of germs who constantly washes his or her hands.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) : PTSD is a condition that can develop following a traumatic and/or terrifying event, such as a sexual or physical assault, the unexpected death of a loved one, or a natural disaster. People with PTSD often have lasting and frightening thoughts and memories of the event, and tend to be emotionally numb.
Other, less common types of mental illnesses include:
- Stress response syndromes (formerly called adjustment disorders): Stress response syndromes occur when a person develops emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or situation. The stressors may include natural disasters, such as an earthquake or tornado; events or crises, such as a car accident or the diagnosis of a major illness; or interpersonal problems, such as a divorce, death of a loved one, loss of a job, or a problem with substance abuse. Stress response syndromes usually begin within three months of the event or situation and ends within six months after the stressor stops or is eliminated.
- Dissociative disorders: People with these disorders suffer severe disturbances or changes in memory, consciousness, identity, and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings. These disorders usually are associated with overwhelming stress, which may be the result of traumatic events, accidents, or disasters that may be experienced or witnessed by the individual. Dissociative identity disorder, formerly called multiple personality disorder, or “split personality,” and depersonalization disorder are examples of dissociative disorders.
- Factitious disorders: Factitious disorders are conditions in which a person knowingly and intentionally creates or complains of physical and/or emotional symptoms in order to place the individual in the role of a patient or a person in need of help.
- Sexual and gender disorders: These include disorders that affect sexual desire, performance, and behavior. Sexual dysfunction, gender identity disorder, and the paraphilia are examples of sexual and gender disorders.
- Somatic symptom disorders: A person with a somatic symptom disorder, formerly known as a psychosomatic disorder or somatoform disorder, experiences physical symptoms of an illness or of pain with an excessive and disproportionate level of distress, regardless of whether or not a doctor can find a medical cause for the symptoms.
- Tic disorders: People with tic disorders make sounds or display non purposeful body movements that are repeated, quick, sudden, and/or uncontrollable. (Sounds that are made involuntarily are called vocal tics.) Tourette’s syndrome is an example of a tic disorder.
Other diseases or conditions, including various sleep-related problems and many forms of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, are sometimes classified as mental illnesses, because they involve the brain.
And mental illness can also be:
Postnatal depression and perinatal mental health:
You can experience any kind of mental health problems during and after pregnancy, but there are some that are particularly common or are specifically linked to pregnancy and childbirth. These pages cover:
- Perinatal depression is depression experienced during pregnancy (known as ante or prenatal depression) or after childbirth (known as postnatal depression). Many people are aware of postnatal depression (PND) but it’s less commonly known that you can experience depression during pregnancy as well.
- Perinatal anxiety is anxiety experienced during pregnancy or in the year after childbirth. You might hear it called:
- prenatal or antenatal anxiety if you experience anxiety during pregnancy
- postnatal anxiety if you experience it after giving birth
While many people are aware that you can become depressed after having a baby, it’s less well known that many women experience anxiety during and after pregnancy. In fact, it’s common to experience depression and anxiety together. Some women experience a particular anxiety about childbirth. This is called tokophobia, a fear of childbirth.
- Perinatal OCD: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. The term is often misused in daily conversation – for example, you might hear people talk about being ‘a bit OCD’ if they like things to be neat and tidy. But the reality of this disorder is a lot more complex and serious. Perinatal OCD is when you experience OCD during pregnancy or in the year after giving birth.
- Postpartum psychosis (PP) is a serious, but rare, diagnosis occurring in around one in 1,000 births. You’re likely to experience a mix of:
Symptoms usually start quite suddenly within a few weeks after giving birth. PP is sometimes called puerperal psychosis.
Postpartum psychosis can be an overwhelming and frightening experience for you and your loved ones, and it’s important to seek help as soon as possible. With the right support, most women fully recover.
- Postpartum PTSD
- a difficult labour with a long and painful delivery
- an unplanned caesarean section
- emergency treatment
- other shocking, unexpected and traumatic experiences during birth
This is also called birth trauma. The impact of these experiences is often underestimated, as people may feel that the baby is adequate compensation for the trauma and that, as a new mother, you will soon forget it in the joy of motherhood.
However, a traumatic childbirth and developing PTSD can impair your relationship with both your baby and your partner. You may feel acute disappointment that childbirth was not the experience you were hoping for, and feel angry with the medical staff if you felt that the delivery wasn’t handled well. If you develop PTSD, you’re likely to also experience flashbacks or unwanted memories of the traumatic birth.
This might mean you feel anxious about having another baby. Some women also experience eating problems around pregnancy. See our pages one eating problems for general information, and Tommy’s has specific information about eating disorders in pregnancy.
Now mental illness and killers, here’s a lot controversy with these two subjects; Because many think that people that are capable of killing don’t have a mental illness and I can prove you wrong, because sometimes they are relate…
Mental illnesses have been found in some of the U.S.’s most loathsome killers throughout history, but it’s important to note that most people suffering from these illnesses do not commit any violent offenses. These instances of mental disorders represent only a small fraction of people diagnosed and the majority of people afflicted do not engage in criminal activity, especially if given proper treatment and social support.
In the wake of a violent assault, robbery, or murder, forensic psychologists typically examine the mental correlates of criminality. In order to get to the root of a behavior, these justice system professionals will often ask such questions as:
- Did the accused have a troubled childhood?
- Does (s)he exhibit empathy for others?
- Does (s)he self-medicate with drugs or alcohol?
Not surprisingly, many criminals have been diagnosed with mental illnesses and may be suffering from co-occurring substance abuse.
So what are some of the most common psychological disorders associated with history’s most infamous American criminals—serial killers and terrorists in particular?
According to WebMD, schizophrenia—a wide-ranging (and often misdiagnosed) mental illness—lists symptoms ranging from hallucination and delusions to emotional flatness and catatonia. It is one of the most common mental disorders diagnosed among criminals, especially serial killers:
- David Berkowitz, better known as the “Son of Sam” killed six people in the 1970s claiming that his neighbor’s dog had told him to do it. He was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.
- Ed Gein, gruesome inspiration for fiction’s Norman Bates, Buffalo Bill, and Leatherface, murdered and mutilated his victims often keeping grisly “trophies.”
- Richard Chase—”the vampire of Sacramento”—killed six people in California and drank their blood.
- David Gonzalez killed four people in 2004 and claimed he’d been inspired by “Nightmare on Elm Street.”
- Jared Lee Loughner, convicted of killing six people and wounding 13 including U.S. Representative Gabrielle Giffords in 2011, was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.
- James Eagan Holmes, currently on trial for the 2012 “Batman murders” in Aurora, has been diagnosed with schizophrenia by 20 doctors.
BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER
This disease is characterized by impulsive behaviors, intense mood swings, feelings of low self worth, and problems in interpersonal relationships. It has also been diagnosed among some of the U.S.’s most notorious serial killers. Interestingly, this seems more common among female criminals:
- Aileen Wuornos, the woman who inspired the 2003 film “Monster” starring Charlize Theron, confessed to seven murders in Florida. She was also diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.
- Jeffrey Dahmer, also known as the “Milwaukee Cannibal,” killed seventeen boys and men between 1978 and 1991. He also struggled with heavy alcohol abuse.
- Kristen H. Gilbert killed four patients at a Northampton, Virginia hospital where she worked as a nurse by administering fatal doses of epinephrine to induce cardiac arrest.
ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER
Known in the past as “psychopathy,” this mental disorder is characterized by a total disregard of the feelings of others. People with APD may lie, act out violently, or break the law and show no remorse. WebMD reports that while APD only affects 0.6% of the population, it may affect up to 47% of male inmates and 21% of female inmates. It’s also been diagnosed among three of the most ruthless American serial killers:
- Ted Bundy, an infamous killer and necrophile, confessed to 30 murders in the 1970s.
- John Wayne Gacy, known as the “Killer Clown,” raped and killed 33 boys and young men in the 1970s.
- Charles Manson, leader of the “Manson Family” cult and mastermind behind the 1969 murders at the home of Sharon Tate, was diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.
While these three disorders are commonly seen among violent criminals, there have also been a number of killers whom were never diagnosed with mental illnesses. For example, Dean Corll, also known as the “Candy Man” or the “Pied Piper,” kidnapped, raped, and killed 28 boys between 1970 and 1973 in Houston, Texas and was never diagnosed. Additionally, Timothy McVeigh, the Oklahoma City bomber of 1995, killed 168 people and injured over 600, and yet he too never was given a mental illness diagnosis.
Still, mental illness in prison populations and among criminals continues to be an issue in the United States today. In order to decrease prison recidivism and rates of violent crime, it’s essential that rehabilitative services and mental illness treatments be improved in this dangerous yet vulnerable population. And this isn’t happening anytime soon, and its a shame.
Because in other country they reform their inmate to became a better person, and better themselves like in Faeroe Islands (Denmark) they currently have only 6 people incarcerated and the one that have the lowest rate in the whole world is in San Marino, Italy there are only 2 people incarcerated. And which country have the highest incarcerated rate in the whole world is United States of America with the total of 2,121,600 people incarcerated and not being reform into society.
What’s wrong with our society? What we are doing wrong? Is the parents faults that their children’s are becoming bad? Is the government problem and don’t educate people? Is Mental Health the problem in our society and people are not being diagnose? What’s wrong with people that killed and be like nothing happened and keep living their life like that? So many questions, so little or big answers and controversial answers to different situations or different ways of thinking…
Peace and Love.
Hi, I’m Lizzie. I recently started this mommy adventure blog to talk about daily life, love life, struggles, pain, work, studies, toddler drama, depression, ups and downs in every aspect of this wonderful life. Sometimes I’m going to blog in English and Spanish!!! I’m from Puerto Rico, is a beautiful tropical island in the Caribbean. I’m married to a wonderful man named X and we have a Beautiful toddler boy named M. We have a Small dog named Apollo and he is so cute, energetic and lovable.